Antibiotics are a vast group of medicines that have a pathological effect on various bacteria, fungi, tuberculosis pathogens and even tumor cells. These are medicines that can completely destroy pathogens or hinder their growth and reproduction. These drugs can have a natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic origin and differ in the methods of application, the spectrum of action and the characteristics of admission. All types of antibiotics have their indications for use, contraindications and side effects. In the online pharmacy "Receptika" you can buy any of these pharmaceuticals.
The following overview of the main groups of antibiotics will help you better navigate the diversity of modern medicines.
Classification of antibiotics:
All antibiotics are different in origin, chemical structure, mechanism of action on pathogenic microorganisms, and are divided into:
Preparations of cephalosporin series. Most of them have a wide spectrum of action, causing the death of bacteria. Cephalosporins are widely used for the treatment of staphylococcal and streptococcal diseases, respiratory tract infections and gastrointestinal tract and many others. other
Antibiotics of the penicillin group. This group of drugs, in its characteristics and indications, is similar to cephalosporin drugs, has minimal negative impact on the patient's body and can be used for treatment of both adults and children.
Macrolides are a type of antibiotics that are characterized by low toxicity. At the same time, macrolides are active not only against bacteria (especially streptococci and staphylococci), but also to intracellular pathogens (chlamydia, toxoplasma, etc.).
Tetracyclines are broad-spectrum antibiotics. Currently, these drugs are rarely prescribed. However, tetracyclines are absolutely indispensable in the treatment of cholera, plague, brucellosis, chlamydia, anthrax and other serious diseases.
Aminoglycosides. These are drugs with a fairly high toxicity, infrequently used in everyday life. At the same time, aminoglycosides have long received positive reviews of doctors in the treatment of such serious pathologies as sepsis, peritonitis, etc.
In addition to the above, there are anti-tuberculosis and antifungal antibiotics, as well as rarely used drugs - polymyxin, lincosamine, fluoroquinolone and other antibacterial agents.